Botany is the scientific study of plants. Botany began with early human efforts to identify edible, medicinal and poisonous plants, making it one of the oldest branches of science. The Department maintains a Botanical garden spread over 1 acre of landsince inception, a treasure of plant wealth, medicinal plants, and conservatory of rare, endangered species, trees and shrubs. Which is catering to the needs of young botanists of today, attended by skilled gardeners.

It is one of the better known botanical gardens in the north Gujarat region attached to a university Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University,Patan. Special attractions in the garden with nearly 157 species of plants; the water garden consisting of lily-ponds and vegetated with species of Nelumbium, Nymphaea, Trapa, Hydrilla etc. andalgal species. Cactus-House, Fern-House, Bambusetum also developed. The botanical garden, besides serving as the repository of the source material for botanical studies.

Botanical research focuses on plant population groups, evolution, physiology, structure, and systematics. Sub disciplines of botany include agronomy, forestry, horticulture, and paleobotany.



The aim of the Department of Botany is to provide a firm foundation in every aspect of Botany and to explain a broad spectrum of modern trends in Botany and to develop experimental, observational, computational skills also which lead him as an ambassador of sustainable development of our country. Produce highly qualified botanists who have a broad knowledge of modern and applied plant science and excellent career prospects. The Department also undertakes fundamental and applied research in plant science and field visits to explore floral wealth and to establish the intricate relations of plant and environment.

  • Know the importance and scope of the discipline
  • Inculcate interest in and love of nature with its myriad living forms
  • Impart knowledge of Science as the basic objective of Education
  • Develop a scientific attitude to make students open minded, critical and curious
  • Develop an ability to work on their own and to make them fit for the society
  • Expose themselves to the diversity amongst life forms
  • To develop skill in practical work, experiments, equipments and laboratory use along with collection and interpretation of biological materials and data
  • Make aware of natural resources and environment and the importance ofconserving it.
  • Develop ability for the application of the acquired knowledge in the fields of life so as to make our country self-reliant and self sufficient
  • Appreciate and apply ethical principles to biological science research and studies

The results of botanical research increase and improve our supply of medicines, foods, fibers, building materials, and other plant products. Conservationists use botanical knowledge to help manage parks, forests, range lands, and wilderness areas. Public health and environmental protection professionals depend on their understanding of plant science to help solve pollution problems. CAREER OPPORTUNITIES

There are a variety of jobs awaiting students graduating in the field botany from university/college, as well as opportunities for existing botany related workers in the industry. As within all fields, there will always be opportunities in entry-level positions and management/research positions for the more experienced. The following example provides an insight in what qualifications could be necessary for positions in general.

  • different industries like pharmaceutical, paint and pigment, natural dye, bio pesticides
  • Government sector etc.
  • post graduate studies (M.Sc.) & could go for other professional courses like M.B.A., M.L.T. etc.
  • Diploma course like Diploma in medical Lab. Technology (P.G.M.L.T.), D.Pharm., Diploma in Biomedical Engineering etc.
  • Forest related jobs like R.F.O.
  • Lab Technicians
  • National and state level exams for research fellowship &lectureship
  • Private sectors like- Pharmaceuticals, Ayurveda Companies, Agro industries, Life Science Industries, bio fertilizer companies etc.
  • High School Botany teacher
  • Botanist
  • Environmental Consultant
  • Park Ranger
  • Plant Pathologist
  • Ecologist
  • Professor/Teacher
  • Farming Consultant
  • Researcher
  • Horticulturist
  • Nursery Manager
  • Ecologist
  • Plant explorer
  • Park ranger/Forester
  • Nursery manager
  • Conservationist
  • Taxonomist
  • Horticulturist

A person with mathematics background

  • Systems ecology
  • Biophysics
  • Genetics
  • Developmental botany

A person with chemistry background

  • Plant biochemist
  • Chemo taxonomist
  • Plant physiologist
  • Molecular biologist
  • Plant pathologist

Other related job options

  • Environmental consultant
  • Botanist
  • High school botany teacher
  • Farming consultant
  • Researcher
  • Teacher/professor
  • Ecological consulting companies
  • Forest Service
  • Federal Agencies
  • Colleges, Universities and Plant Research Centres
  • Pharmaceutical, food, seed and nursery, fruit growers, biological supply houses and biotechnology firms
  • Museums
  • Marine/freshwater biologist
  • Biological photographer
  • US Forest Service employee
  • State Park naturalist, college campus grounds administrator, environmental impact specialist, Greenhouse technician
  • Agricultural Research Service
  • Botanical gardens and arboretums, such as the National Arboretum
  • Petrochemical, chemical, and lumber and paper industries
  • Environmental and biotechnical regulatory agencies
  • National Park Service Employee
  • National forestry or conservation expert
  • Science columnist
  • Landscape management and design
  • Consultant, botanist, horticulturist, ecologist, plant specialist

Departmental Activities

  • Bio-Diversity Conservation
  • Survey Report
  • Study Tour
  • Seminar,
  • Written test,
  • MCQ based Quiz,
  • Group discussion,
  • Plantation
  • Evolution with respect to knowledge/ understanding/skill/ higher order thinking skills
Semester Course Unit Topic Faculty
1 Botany-101 I Study of Lower Plants Prof. P.K.Atwal
II Genetics & Molecular Bio. Dr. P.A. Parekh
III Plants & Environ. Dr.D.D.Chauhan
IV Plant Bio Tech. Dr.K.G.Raval
3 Botany-201 I Algae Dr. P.A. Parekh
II Fungi Dr. P.A. Parekh
III Bryophytes Prof. P.K.Atwal
IV Economic Botany Dr.K.G.Raval
Botany-202 I Anatomy Dr.K.G.Raval
II Ecology Dr.D.D.Chauhan
III Embryology Dr.D.D.Chauhan
IV Cytology Prof. P.K.Atwal
5 Botany-301 I Algae Dr.D.D.Chauhan
II Fungi Dr.D.D.Chauhan
III Bryophytes Dr.D.D.Chauhan
IV Pteridophytes Dr.D.D.Chauhan
Botany-302 I Systematic Botany Dr.K.G.Raval
II Angiosperms Dr.K.G.Raval
III Embryology Dr.K.G.Raval
IV Anatomy Dr.K.G.Raval
Botany-303 I Plant Physiology Prof. P.K.Atwal
II Bio Chemistry Prof. P.K.Atwal
III Cell Biology Prof. P.K.Atwal
IV Genetics Prof. P.K.Atwal
Botany-304 I Ecology Dr. P.A. Parekh
II Plant Geography Dr. P.A. Parekh
III Economic Botany Dr. P.A. Parekh
IV Bio Statistics Dr. P.A. Parekh
Botany-305 I Fundamentals of Horticul. Dr. P.A. Parekh
II Soil & Water Conser. Dr.D.D.Chauhan
III Plant Propagation & Plant Protection Dr. P.A. Parekh
IV Production, Packaging, Marketing , Conservation Dr. P.A. Parekh


Semester Course Unit Topic Faculty
2 Botany-103 I Study of Higher Plants Dr.D.D.Chauhan
II Morphology & Taxonomy Dr.K.G.Raval
III Plant Physiology, Growth & Development Prof. P.K.Atwal
IV Plant Resources,  Utilization, Hort.  & Gardening   Dr. P.A. Parekh
4 Botany-204 I Pteridophytes Dr. P.A. Parekh
II Gymnosperms Dr.D.D.Chauhan
III Morphology & Taxonomy Dr.K.G.Raval
IV Plant Physiology Prof. P.K.Atwal
Botany-205 I Anatomy Dr. P.A. Parekh
II Economic Botany Dr.K.G.Raval
III Genetics Dr.D.D.Chauhan
IV Biochemistry Prof. P.K.Atwal
6 Botany-307 I Pteridophytes Dr.D.D.Chauhan
II Pteridophytes Fossils Dr.D.D.Chauhan
III Gymnosperms Dr.D.D.Chauhan
IV Gymnosperms Fossils Dr.D.D.Chauhan
Botany-308 I Systematic Botany Dr.K.G.Raval
II Angiosperm Dr.K.G.Raval
III Anatomy Dr.K.G.Raval
IV Microbiology Dr.K.G.Raval
Botany-309 I Advanced Plant Physiology Prof. P.K.Atwal
II Plant Breeding Prof. P.K.Atwal
III Molecular Biology Prof. P.K.Atwal
IV Biotech. & Genetics Engg. Prof. P.K.Atwal
Botany-310 I Ecology Dr. P.A. Parekh
II Gardening Dr. P.A. Parekh
III Ehnobotany Dr. P.A. Parekh
IV Forestry Dr. P.A. Parekh
Botany-311 I Intro. & Lab. Organization Prof. P.K.Atwal
II Tech. in PTC Prof. P.K.Atwal
III Types of Cultures Dr.K.G.Raval
IV App. Of PTC Dr.K.G.Raval